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    帝豪官方下载【maierhess.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。泸州拥墒势租售有限公司(原眉山氛贺机械设备有限公司)成立于1997年,占地面积96984平方米,波音篮球外围其中生产厂房占地3031平方米,仓库面积占地0672平方米。固定资产8916万元,流动资产4500万元,干部职工共869人,工程技术人员98人。帝豪官方下载GuoLihongThefollowingunderstandingcanbereachedovereconomicrestructuring:themajortargetisnottoachievea"morereasonable"economicstructurethroughgovernmentmobilizationoffinancialresourcesofthesociety,buttoestablish,throughreform,transformationandsystembuildup,amechanismthatsuitsftfromthetraditionaloneof"state-drivendevelopment"to"marketbuildup".,thegovernment,ontheonehand,,unlikeinothermarketeconomycountries,thegovernmentpossessesacommercially-activegovernmentcapitalofmiscesworse,asystemofcapitalprovider,thegovernmenthasitsownresponsi,acleardistinctionshouldbemadebetweenthem,,itmayintensifythetraditionalhalistherootcagovernmentfromthoseofenterprises,"completeindependence",asanytypeofenterpri,wheretheownersarenotinthedueplace,thegovernmentwillnaturallyenhanceitsinterventi,theprocessofinterventionisaresultofadministrativechoicesinsteadofmarket,andtheevaluationofperformanceisoft,ital,,earnesteffortsshouldbem,thereisnodifferencebetweensunriseandsunsetindustries,,ifweareunabletoseekaplaceincertainhigh-techindustriesorifsometraditionalindustriesmovegraduallytowarddecline,theonlyreasonisthatthegovernmentfailstoprovidesystemguarantee,andtoalessextent,,"theentryandphaseoutofthegovernmentcapital"and"structuraladjustment".Thisclearlyindicatesthatwhentheenterpriseownersareabsent,yableprofitsofenterprises,,forthegovernmentcapital,theprofitswillultimatelybecomepartofgovernmentreve,whichisthefinancialrootforthtandardfinancialmeansthatbelongstoallownersduringthestrategiceconomicrestructuring,"rushformoneyfromthedepartments"(usuallywhenitcomestotherights)oftheownersinonearea,whileinotherareas(usuallyobligations)romthoseoftheenterprisesandtoachievestrategicrestructuringandreorganizationundersuchcircumstances!sisbasedonadministrativepunitivemeasures,andenterprisesandofficiaedissues,thesimplestco,thecomprehensivedepreciationrateofstate-ownedindustrialenter%,butthefigureplummetedbythreepercentagepoints(%%in1997)inthenexttwotothreeyears,makingthedepreciationrateofstate-ownedenterpriseslowerthanthatintheearlyyearsofthereformdriveinChina(%in1982).In1999whenbusinessconditionsandoperationperformanceweregreatlyimproved,thecomprehensivedepreciationrateofstate-owneda%.Calculatedbythefigureof1994,,thediscountinterestofgov,theywouldaskwell-performingenterprisestoreducethepercentagedeductedfromdepreciationfundsandreportmoreprofitssoastoshowcasetheachievementsbytheentiresectorsordepartmentswhentheya,likeallotheradministrativemeasuresadoptedinthepast,anyattempttoeliminatelossesandincreaseprofitsthroughadministrativemeasureswilleventuallyleadtoinverseadjustmentofenterprisestructuresbysubsidizingthepooratthecostoftherichanddrivingthefastesttorunevenfaster.…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.MiJianguo,’sBankingIndustryAsanimportantpartofitsopening-uppolicy,,foreignbankshavedevelopedrapidlyinChina,approximatelyexperiencingthreestages:Firststage,since1979,,Chinaapprovedtheopeningofthefirstrepresentativeofficeoftheforeign-investedbank,,31foreig’,since1981,Chinaapprovedt,foreignbankswereapprovedtosetuptrialoperativeinstitutionsinfivespecialeconomiczones,includingShenzhen,,Nanya,Shanghaibecamethecoastalopeningcitythatintroducedfo,theregionsallowedtointrod,,23citiesandHa,in1983and1985,tworegulations–"ManagementMeasuresofthePeople’sBankofChinaforRepresentativeOfficesofOverseas-investedandForeign-investedFinancialInstitutionsinChina"andthe"RegulationsofthePeople’sRepublicofChinafortheManagementofForeignBanksandSino-foreignJointVentureBanksinSpecialEconomicZones"–wereissuedrespectivelytoputtheint,the"RegulationsofthePeople’sRepublicofChinafortheManagementofForeign-investedFinancialInstitutions"wasissued,,since1996,,selectedforeignbankswereallowedtohandleRenminbibusinessinShanghai’:Renminbidepositandcredit,settlement,guarantee,,thecentralbankapprovedeightforeignbankshandlingRenminbibusinessinPudong,,theStateannouncedthatallthecentral,theforeignbanks’businessscopeinShanghaiandShenzhenwereexpanded,theywereallowedtodob,thecentralbankalsoadoptedaseri,whenforeign-banksareshortoffunds,thecentralba,theforeignbanksareallowedtoissuesignificant-amoun,theforeignbanksareallowedtojoinintheissuingofrenminbisyndicatedloans,,theforei,therateoftotalRenminbidebttoitstotalforeignexchangecanberelaxedfrom50%to35%.In1997,aftertheAsianfinancialcrisisbrokeout,especiallyduetotheshockofeventof"Guangxin",,foreignbanks’,,’assetsinChina(1991-2000)。

    ZhangXiaojiLongGuoqiangOpeningtotheoutsideworldisafundamentalstatepoebasisofsummarizingthesuccessfulexperienceofthepastandadaptingourselvestoeconomicglobalizationatthetimewhenChinaisapproachingaccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization(WTO)isofimportantsignificancetocarryingoutChina’,Chinaimplementedthepolicyofopeningtotheoutsideworldanddidquitewellintakingadvantageofthefavorable,’sbasicexperienceinopeningtotheoutsideworldconsistsofthefollowing:First,nancialcrisistookplaceorwhentheinternationalsituationwasinturmoil,Chinapersistedinitsfundamentalpolicyofopeningto,Chinamadefulluseof“internationalanddomesticresourcesandmarkets”,activelyparticipatedintheinternationaldivisionoflabor,,,Chinaproperlycoordinatedinstitutionalrefo,thecountry’,themarketizationdomesticeconomyandthemajorrestructuringofforeigneconomicrelationsandtradeint,Chinaadoptedtimelystrategicmeasuresforfurtheropeni,itputforththe“strategyofexpandinginternationalmarketsharebyimprovingquality”,“marketdiversification”and“strategyofbroadly-basedforeigntradeandeconomiccooperation”.Furthermore,itpracticed“all-dimensional,multi-tieredandwide-rangingopeningtotheoutsideworld”.,Chinaconsistentlymainta,,struckagainstevasionofforeprinciplesguidingChina’conomicglobalizationasthebackdrop,Chinawillbe’seconomiclifeaswellasabasicpointofdeparturewhenweanalyz’sm,,oreandtheinternationalindustrialandtechnologicaltransferbringChinawithanhistoricopportunitytound,technologicalinnova’esintheinternationalstructureofdemandsthataretakingplacearoundtheworldandthusfailtocarryoutstructuraladjustmentdomesticallyandacceptinternationalindustrialtransfer,Chinawillfindthatitwillnotonlybeunabletoupgradeitsindustrialstructure,,thechangeintheaggregatesupplyanddemandpatternofthedomesticmarketcreatedfavorableconditionsforChinatograduallyopenitsdomesticionhaveyettobecompleted,insufficientdemandhascreatedtremenfteritsaccessiontoWTOandincreasetheshareChina’apitalandimportthoseresourcesan,whetherChinacantrulyreapthebenefitsofopeningitsmarkettotheoutsideworld,relaxingtherestrictionsontheentryofforeigncapital,andfurtherlinkinguptheinternationalanddomesticmarketswillenableChinatogiveplayonawi,thepresentdomesticmarketisstillplaguedbybarriersexistingbetweendifferentdepartmentsandbetweendifferentregions,iciesandestablishaunifiedlargemarketinthecountryduringthetransitionperiodafteraccessiontoWTOwilldirectlyaffectChina’soptimizationofresourcesallocationandeconomicdevelopment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.GuoLihongEconomicrestructuringtakesplaceconstantly,independentofpeople’sawareness,ngthemselvesinarelativewaywhencomparedwithothercountries,andthemostevirestructuring,anditcanachieveeitherafavorableoranunfavorableresult,,namely,thelarge-scaletransnationalflowofproductionfactors,large-scaletransnationalinvestmentofindustrialcapital,,anditincludesboththeemergenceofsunriseindustriesandenterprises,andthageisinnatureaprocessofstrengtheningtheeconomybothquantitativelyandqualitatively,,EuropeisonaparwiththeUS,,therearerelativelybigdifferencesamongEurope,,,,spontaneousevolutionprocess,nomenaandmarketdevelopment,,itisanorganiccombinationofaseriesofsocialandmarketfactors(education,culture,capital,technology,humantalents,industrialorganizationsandbusinessenvironment),butit’,thegovernmentsofvariouscountriesarelearningfromtheUSexperienceandhavestrengthenedsystembuildup,encoura,governmentalcapitalhas,theFrenchJospinGovernmentcreatedaventureinvestmentfundbytransferringreturingofemergingindustrializedcountriesandregions(representedbytheFourLittleAsianDragons).rrecttheirmistakes,andit’g-timeaccumulationofindustrialandcommercialcapitalofac,anyfailureinfence-mendingwillmakeitimposs,thecommonfocusofthestructuraladjustmentoftheFourLittleDragons(andinaweakersenseotherASEANcountries),itisashort-termmeasuretakenforthesakeofeconomicsecurity,whichisaime,Malaysiare-openeditsforeigncurrencyexchangemarket,andHongKonghandedbacktoinvestorsthe“officialstocks”,fence-mending,SouthKoreaincludedsomespecialmeasuresrelatedtoenterpriserestructuringinitsstructuraladjustmentprograms,suchasencouragingthedevelopmentofsmalla:(1)topromotethebirthandgrowthofhi-techenterprisesthroughintegratedpolicies;(2)toopenwidertothe,SouthKoreaiswillingtotakepoliticalrisks(duetodifferentsocialandculturalbackground)."shocktherapy"havecometorealizethatanyeconomicrestructuringrandomlydrivenbythemarketforceintheabsenceofbasiclawsandeffectivemechanismsonlyresultedin"shocks"withoutany"therapies".Thisisthe“post-Washingtonconsensus”.FormostformerSovietrepublicsandeasternEuropeancountriesintransformation,itseemsnottobetherighttimenowtotalkaboutanyactive,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.10-200米LongGuoqiangInternationalpivotalportsareofgreatsignificancetotheadvanceoftheinternationalcompetitivenessofacountry’’sShanghaiandShenzhenPortshavealreadybecometwooftheworld’,Chinashouldacceleratethereformofnationaltrade,internation,thedevel,thevolumeoffreighthandledbytheworld’,thefreighthandledbytheworld’slargestports(Rotterdam,theNetherlandsin1985andHongKongin2000)majorinternationalshippingroutesandarenotedforhighefficiency,ansitfreighttheyhand,internationalpivotalportsareplayinganincreasinglyimportantr,thegovernmentsofsomecountriesandregionsha,HongKong,Singapore,PusanandKaohsiunghavebecometheworld’,,,’sportsismainlyattributedtothedevelopmentofitsowntrade,,SingaporeandKaohsiungrespectivelyaccountsfor40percent,,,infaceofanincreasinglyintenseinternationalcompetition,de,developinginternationalpivotalportsisarequirementofincreasingChina’’ssixthlargestexportcountry,andthecompetitiveadvantageincostandpricewillcontinuetobethemaincompetitivenessofChina’ofexitforthecontainersintheregionofthePearlRiverdelta,,ithelpsincreasethecompetitivenessofChina’,astheefficiencyofdomesticportsincustomsclearanceisnothigh,,asmostofthisregion’sexportisintheformofprocessingtrade,’simportisthroughHongKong,higherimportcostalsoweakensthecompetitivenessoftheregion’,theimbalanceinimportandexp,becauseofthesmallamountofinternationaltransitbusiness,thecargos’etworegionsoftheYangtzeRiverdeltaandthePearlRiverdelta,,developinginternationalpivotaluthalfofChina’,theefficiencyofcustomsclearancehasbecomeanimportantaspectwhenforeignbusinessmenevaluateChina’encyofChina’,Shanghaicarriedoutaexperimentreformcalled"greatcustomsclearance".Asaresultoftheexperiment,,suchasIntel,indicatedthattheywouldnotonlyexpandtheirproductioninvestmentinShanghai,nalpivotalports,suchmeasureswilldefinitelyimprovethecountry’,developinginternationalpivotalportsisarequirementforincreasingtheaddedvalueofChina’ofChina’stotalexport,andincreasingtheaddedvalueoftheprocessingtradeisanimportantwaytofurther,thankstothemasstransferoftheITandothermanufacturingindustriestoChina,electromechanicalproductsmanufacturinghasbecomethefast-growingandlargestsectorintheexportofChina’,theprocessingtradeofelectromechanicalproductshassomeuniquefeatures,suchas"zeroinventoryforproduction,globalizationofprocurementandnetworkingordering".Thesehaveputforwardhigherre,thelowefficiencyofChina’scustomscleara,reformingthecustomsclearancesystemanddevelopinginternationalpivotalportswillhelpincreasetheaddedvalueofChina’,developinginternationalpivotalportsisarequirementfordevelopingmoderndistributionandstrengtheningChina’sstatusastheworld’’sstatusintheinternationalmanufacturingdivisionoflaborhasdrasticallyelevated,theindustrialchainofthecountry’sforeigntradehasbee,somewell-knowninternationalretailenterprisesareplanningtoestablishgoodsdistributioncentersattheportsclosetoChina’,Val-MartplanstoestablishaprocurementanddistributioncenterinShenzhenforprocurement,classifiedpackaging,’smoderndistribution,butalsofurtherspurexportandstrengthenChina’sstatusastheworld’,theexistingcustomsclearancesystemisinconsistent,Chinahasalreadyha,thecoastalcitiesineastChinaareallonthemajorinternationalshippingroutesinwesternPa,thecontainershandledinEastAsiaaccountedfor50percentoftheworld’,thereisagreatpotentialforthepo,China’’,,China’sinternationaltradeismainlyconc,Ch,China’y’sownforeigntrade,,theYantianPortinShenzhenisinvestedandmanagedbytheHehuangGroup,,China’sShanghaiPortandShenzhenPortrespectivelyrankedthefifthandeighthamongtheworld’slargestcontainerports....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    爱拼手机网址ChengXiushengResearchReportNo238,2000Intheearlydaysofitsdriveofreformandopening-up,Chinagrantedpreferentialpolicytreatmentandsupporttotheprivatesectorforthepurposeofchangingthesituationofunitaryownership,andthereforeprelimi,thenon-Statesectorshiphasforerunthestatesect,thenon-publicsectorhasgrowntoaconsiderablesize,resultinginasituationofco-developmentoftheState,,theprivatesectorh,China’sprivateengofthestateeconomy(characterizedbytheadvancementofsomeoftheseenterprisesandwithdrawalofsomeothers)callfortheprivana’sentryintoWTO,thecountry’’snationaleconomy,thefulfillmentofitsthird-stepstrategicgoalofeconomicdevelopment,anditsattainmentofthelevelofmoderatelydevelopedcountriesinthemiddleofthenextcentury,theprivatesec,itisnecessarytokeepproper’sprivateeconomyhasalwaysmaintaineditstrendofrapidgrowthsinceChina’,thenumberofregi,thenumberoftheem,,and’snationaleconomyatthefastestspeed,theprivatesectorhasplayedaremarkableroleinspurringtherapidgrowthoftheChina’seconomyandgainedthefollowingbasiccharacteristics:----DeparturefromthephaseofprimitiveaccumulationandgrowthtoafairlyconsiderableeconomicsizeasawholeAsgenerallyreferredtoineconomicdocuments,theprivateeconomicsectorcoversmainlyprivateenterprises,theeconomicsectorofindividualownership,andcompaniesdevelopedfromprivateenterprisesinausualsense,mmerce,,thetotalregisteredcapitaloftheseenterprisesreachedRMB1,,,individually-runind,,,employmentofworkersandgenerationoftotaloutput,theprivatesectorhasnowgainedaroughly10-20percentshareofChina’snationaleconomyandbecomeanimprofnon-Stateownership,theprivateeconomicsectorhasnowtakenupashareofmorethan60percentofandgainedadominantpositioninChina’snationaleconomyintermsofquantity.----Animportantroleininvestment,employment,taxpayment,foreignexchangeearning,andscientificandtechnicaldevelopmentInvestmentbytheprivateeconomicsectornowaccountsforabout15-20percentandthatbynon-Stateeconomicsectorincludingtheeconomicsectorofcollectiv,thesectorasawholeearnedUS$,whileprivately-runindustrincehasnowbecomeanimportantfactorwithadirectbearingonthehealthyperformanceofChina’,theyhaveundergonethreephasesofdevelopmentinChina--thephaseofbudding,thephaseofaccelerateddevelopmentandthephaseofmaturity,,thenumberofprivately-runscientificandtechnicalenterpriseshasnowgrownto200,,theseenterprisesearnedRMB1,000billioninrevenuefromtechnicalandindustrialprojectsandtrade,,andUS$----Withenlargedaveragesizeofcapitalandenhancedstrength,anumberofprivateenterprisesaredevelopingtowardsascaleeconomyBytheendof1999,theaverageregisteredcapitaloftheprivateenterprisesinChinareachedoverRMB680,000,morethanfivetimestheamountofRMB98,1millionhit200,000,about73,millionwas17,000(figuresended1998),andthosewhoseregisteredcapitalsurpassedRMB10millionnumbered9,,,,’sprivateenterpriseshasgrowncons’sAutomobileIndustryNotCompetitiveOfthemanyindustriesinChina,,Chinahasseensomefast-developingindustries,,theyaregenerallyhealthyanddynamic,andoutperformotherindustriesinproductupgrading,technologicalprogress,quality,serviceandguaranteeingconsumers’’hefactthattheyhaveexperiencedaprocessofmarketopeningandintensivecompetition,thussolvingthethreekeyproblemscrucialtothedevelopmentofanindustry:First,the"discovery","screened"throughcompetitionbeforebeing"discovered".Anyindividualsororganizationsincludingthegove’sadvan,thelearningandtrainingofenterprises’competitiveness."Competitivenesscanonlybeacquiredthroughcompetition"’smarketing,management,RDandfinancingabilitiescanonlybeacquiredandaccumulatedfromthetwistsandturnsinthecourseofcompetition,andconsequently,theorganization,,,,raiseproductquality,improveservices,,bothbelongingtoprocessing,assemblingandmanufacturingindustries,aresimilarintermsoftechnologicalandmarketstructure,forinstance,theybothhaveahighdemandforscaleeconomyan,autoindustryhasnotshowntheactivedevelopmentmom,weshould,inparticular,reflectonandexamine,inadditiontotherestrictiononthemodel,varietyandspecificationofautomobiles,thecompetitionisnotcompleteandlimited,andfrombeingunleashed,andatthesametime,"EstablishingtheCompetitiveEdgeasaBigCountryintheCourseofOpening":TheOptionfortheDevelopmentPatternofChina’sAutoIndustryundertheNewSituationThedevelopmentpatternofChina’sautoindustryunderthenewsituationshouldproceedfromthecurrentdomesticandofautoindustry,especiallythoseofthenewlydevelopedcountries,"establishingthecompetitiveedgeasabigcountryinthecourseofopening".Thismeans,firstly,,weshouldgraduallyintegratetheautoindustryintothesystemofinternationalworkingdivisionundertheframeworkofWTOsoastoadapttoandmakeuseof,notreject,,Ch,itshouldtakeanactivep,,theadvantagesofChina’sautoindustryincludetheoverallcapabilityofthemanufacturingindustry,,,strategyandpoliciesundertheopeningpolicyinordertoturnthere,,China’shugemarketwillyi,China’sdom,itcanalsoprovidespacelargeenoughforala,Chinesemarketisnotonlylarge,butalsoappearstobeobviouslymulti-layered,whichisconduc,thenewdevelopmentpatternshouldincludethefollowingfeatures:mobilesinthefuture20to30years,China’scurrentautoindustrywithmanufacturingandm,therewillbeanecessary,possible,toputitmoreprecisely,unavoidableprocessofcompetitiondesignedtoselectadvantageousenterprises,raiseenterprises’urrentindustrialbasis,thegradualentryoftransnationalcorporationsandthegovernment’srationalpolicyguidance,competitionwithintheautoindustrymaytakeondifferentcharacteristicsfromthatintheelectricalapplianceindustry,andthe;asthegovernment’sdirectinvestmentstops,variousresponsibleinvestorsincludingnon-stateinvestorsshouldbeallowedtoentertheindustry;theadministrativemonopolybydepartmentsandregionsshouldbefurtherdoneawaywithsoastoformanopenandunifieddomesticmarket;competitionordershouldberegulated,andnewsystemthactiveandfullcompetition,,wewillhaveeveryreasontopredictthatinashortperiodoftime(fiveyearsorlonger),Chinawillhaveabatchofcompetitiveenterpriseswithinitialinternationalcompetitiveness,whichincludejointventureenterprises,solely-foreigninvestedenterprises,ionalcorporationswillbeacomponentofthecountry’’sentryintoWTO,thetransnationalcorporationswillhavetwochoices:first,exportingcarstoChina,second,,’sentryintoWTO,weshouldrelaxorabolishtherestrictionontheequityandlocalizationratesetforforeigninvestorsatapropertimesothattheywouldmakemelyimportanttoproductupgrading,speedinguptransnationalcorporations’transferoftechnologiestoChina,,weshouldencouragedomesticenterprisesandenterpriseswithdomesticcapitaltocultivatetheircorecompetitivenessandsupportthemtocooperatewithforeign-investedenterprisesinvariousforms(notjustjointventure),especiallytheireffortindeveloping,upgradingandenlargingthescaleofRD,ndentde,butmoreoften,theywillcooperate,uniteandmerge,eventuallyraisingtheoverallcompetitivenessofChina’sautomobileindustry....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LiuShijinEconomicrestructuringinvolvesmanyissuesandthefollowingopinionsareherebyputforwardwithregardtothegoals,themainthemeandprinciplesthatnee,economicdevelopmegrowthontheonehandanddownsizesbackwardproductioncapacityontheotherhandthroughtechnologicalprogress,industrialtransformation,aswellastheinnovationofthesystemandorganization,“TenthFive-YearPlan”,itisarestructuring,whichcomesattheendoftheperiodofscarcity-inducedeconomyandanoversupplyoftraditionalindustries,verafairlylongperiodinthefuture,anumberofnewfast-growingindustriesmustbecultivatedthroughindustrialupgradingafter,itisarestructuringaimedatincreasinginternationalcompetitivenesswhenthetrendofeconom“advancesandbackingoffs,”thecomparativeadvantageofourcountryshouldbebroug,itisarestructuringaimedatpromotingtechnologicalupgradingwhentechnologicalprogresshasbeenacceleratundofrestructuring---todevelopnewandhi-techindustriessoastonarrowthetechnologicalgapwithdevelopedcountriesinsomekeyareas;totransformtraditionalindustrieswithnewandhightechnology;andtoestablishamechanismoft,itisarestructuringaimedatforminganewmechanismforstructuraladjustmentwhenmajorprogresshasbeenachievedinestablishingamechanismofasocitionstemlargelyfromthedeep-rootedcontradictionsandproblemsleftoverfromtheolentionnotonlytothestructuraladjustmentitself,,twobasicgoalsshouldbesetforthenewroundofstructuraladjustment:oneistorealizestructuraladjustmentthroughpromotingindustrialandtechnologicalupgradingaswellasincreasinginternationalcompetitiveness,soastomaintainarelativelyhighgrowthrate(presumably7-8%)overafairlylongperiodoftime(presumablyaround10years),theotheristoacceleratetransformationandconstructionofsystemsduringthereadjustment,soastoestablishanewself-adj’,ment,,(particularlythosetownshipenterprisesthatemergedinthe1980sby"departingfromfarmlandwithoutleavingthehometown"),tralandwesternareascontinuestowiden,andthe,,levels,,,clothi,transportationandotherserviceconsumptionaimedatimprovingthelivingstandardhasmetsystemandpolicybarriers,whichledtoa“consumptionfault”.Inruralareas,somekindofconsumptionc,ervicestotraditionalstate-ownedenterprises,,smallandmedium-sizedenterprisesandsomefast-growinghighandnew-techenterprises,whichhaveplayedanincreasinglyimportantroleintheeconomy,,,andtheadjustmenttasksof“advancesandbackingoffs”“effectivelymobilizingsocialforcesforinvestment”roved....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.帝豪官方下载重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,WangMengkuiThankstomorethantwodecadesofreformanddevelopment,China’ssociety,,:theopeninghascoveredallareasinsteadoflimitedareas,hasbeenconductedinkeepingwithlong-termdevelopmentgoalsandinternationalpracticesinsteadofshort-termneeds,andhasbeentarget,theinter,withtheprocessofi:First,theproportionsoftheprimary,secondaryandtertiaryindustrieshavedemonstratedavisiblechange,f,whileagriculturepostedrapidgrowthandthesupplyofagriculturalproductsrealizedahistoricchangecharacterizedbyabasicaggregatebalanceandasurplusingoodyears,,,the“bottlenecks”thathadlongconstrainedChina’seconomicdevelopment,suchasrawmaterials,energyandtransport,werebasicallyeased,,whilethetotalpopulationincreasedby300millionduringthisperiod,,,thecontributionsofstructuraladjustmentsandscientificadvancehavebecomemorevisible,theindustriesofhighandnewtechnologieshavebecomeamajordrivingforceforthegrowthofindustriesandeventheentireeconomy,,whiletheexportofprimaryproductssuchasagriculturalproductshasexpandedrapidly,theyacco,,,theproductsofhig’sindustrialstructure,manufacturingcapacityandexportstructure,960sbyChannery,WorldBankeconomist,areconvertedintothe1998rates,thepercapitaGDPattheinitialstageofindustrializationshouldbe1,200-2,,,thepercapitafigureattheinitialstageofindustrializationshouldbe3,010-5,,’,,theChineseeconomygrewatanaverageannualrateofmorethan9percent,,itspercapitaGDPquadrupledduringthisperiod,which’slivelihoodhasrealizedtwohistoricaltransitions,namelyfr,“overall”becauseChinastillhas30millionpeoplewhoarenothavingenoughtoeatandclothe,agreaternumberofpeoplehavenotbeenbetteroffeventhoughtheyhaveenoughtoeatandclothe,,aconsiderablenumberofpe,wemayconcludethatChinahascompletedthefirsttwoofthe“threesteps”,“threesteps”do,orbythemiddleofthiscentury,,“aggregateamount”and“percapitaamount”.In2000,China’sGDPreached8,,whichwasequivalenttomorethan1,“denominator”istoolarge,thepercapitaamountislessthan1,,’seconomicaggregat,ifcalculatedinpurchasepowerparity(internationalcommonprice),:’seconomywouldbe3,,,rparity,Chinahasbecometheworld’ssecondlargesteconomy,,themethodbasedonthepurchasingpowerparityisimperfect,,both“aggregate”and“percapitaamount”areimportantindicatorsforexaminingacountry’thecountryhasaconsiderableeconomicstrength;thefactthatthepercapitaamountissmallmeansChinaisstillarelativelypoorcountry....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.WangXiyu,CuiChuanyi,ZhaoYangMaZhongdongResearchReportNo40,2000Trans-regionalmigrationhasbecomeanimportantformofemploymentforrurallaborers,andhascometobereferredtoasthe“tideofrurallaborers”sonthedevelopmentoftheruralandtheurbanareashavearousedconce,andtheinter-connectionofthevariouskindsofissuesinvolved,thepr,inparticular,somenegativeeffectshavebeencreated,suchasconflictsbetweenemploymentofruralandurbanlabors,,especiallythoseofsomebigandmedium-sizedcities,havepromulgatedaseriesofpolicyregulationsinthehopeofstandardizingthetrans-regionalm,however,thesepolicyregulationshavefailedtoproduceanyresultsinanticipationo“viciouscircle”of“migration–restrictionofmigration(orreturnofmigrants)–remigration”.ModernizationinChinaisamodernizationoffarmerswhomakeupthemajorityofthecountry’spopulation,’sdevelopedcountries,thatis,forarelativelylongperiodoftime,therewillbeabinarystructurecomposedofthemodernindustriesintheurbndurbanareas,ftemandthesystemsplittingtheurbanandtheruralareas,aspecialbinarystructure,ora“dualbinarystructure”ashasbeentermedora“three-polarstructure”asitisinfact,hasgradubove,andespeciallytodeterminetheroletobeplayed:SpecialityofthebinarystructureinthedevelopmentofChina’sstillofsignificancetotheunderstandingofChina’dernization,ArthurLewis(1954)putforwardthefamoustheoryoftransferofjobsunderabinaryeconomicstructureonthebasisofothers’,hedividedtheeconomyofadevelopingcountryintotwomajorsections:thetraditionalsectioncarryingoutproductionaccordingtothepre-capitalisticmodeofproduction,whichincludesagriculture,somesmallcommercialandservicesectors,’theoryaboutthetransferofjobsunderabinarystructureisthatasthetraditionalsectionhasmassivehiddenunemployment,industrialdepartmentswouldmakeuseofthetransferofcheapandlimitlesslaborresourcesfromhiddenunemploymentinagric,mostpeoplehaveaffirmedthesignificanceofhistheoryintwoaspects:First,ithasdescribedtheprocessanddrivingforceofindustrializationofanagriculturalcountry,pointedouttheimbalanceofdevelopmentbetweenthetwodifferentsections,andprop,ithasdrawntheframeworkofthebinarystructureforanalyzingtheeconomicstatusquoofdevelopingcountries,thuslayingthefoundationfortheexplorationofthelawofeconomicdevelopmentindevelopingcountriesfromt,however,thattobringthebinarystructureintocorrespondencewiththeurbanandt,inparticular,whenitisusedasanexamplefortheanalysisofthephenomenonofthe“tideofrurallaborers”.Theeconomiccharacteristicsofthe“dualbinarystructure”havealreadybecomenoticeableinmanydevelopingcountries,andthebinarycharacterofruralandurbaneconomiesstandsidebyside,atthesametime,withthebinarycharacteroftheeconomicelementswithineachsection(,1999).Asamatteroffact,theruraleconomyiscomposedoftwopartswithdifferenteconomicfeatures:thetraditional,labor-forceexcessiveandself-sufficientpartT(traditionalsector),whichischaracterizedbylowincomesandhighrisksofagriculturalproduction,andpartN(nontraditionalsector)whichincludessmallprivateenterprisesandindustriesspecializedinplanting,,theurbaneconomyisalsocomposedoftwoparts:themodernpartF(formalpart),whichisstandardizedandhighinproductivity,providingstableemploymentinusualcases,andhighandstableincomes;andpartI(informalpart),whic,,thetrans-regionalmigrationofrurallaborersinChinahastakenplaceunderaspecialbinarystructureasmentionedabove,andthedirectionofmigrationusuallygoesprogressivelyfrompartTwithcomparativelylowincomestopartN,,migrationandtransferofj:(1).physicalresources;(2).humanresourcesincludingthelevelofeducation,technology,marketexperience,andabilitytostartnewbusiness;and(3).socialresources....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LiuShijin,LuZhongyuan,LongGuoqiang,WangXu,,China’,fundamentallyspeaking,isanissueofcounteri,themostdirectandoutstandingist,thechallengesfacingthegovernmentaftertheWTOentrya,themanagementsysteminvolvingforeigninterests,underthebackgroundofChina’saccessionintotheWTO,itisnecessarytoadjustthesystemandpoliciesinvolvingforeigninterestsnotincompliancewiththeWTOrules,andontheotherhand,itisalsomostimportantthatgreateffortsshouldbemadeindeepeningthemarket-orientedreforms,thepositioningofthegovernmentroleiscrucial,andoneofthefun,thatis,thegovernment,underthemarketeconomicsystem,maycontinuetoplayitsimportantroleinresourcesallocationbyresortingtotoolsasdirectandforcefulinterventionandindustrialpolicie,SouthKoreaandotherEastAsiancountriesandregionsastheirexample,indicating,mainlyortothemaximum,,butitsroleshallbemainlyreflectedinnurturing,luenceoftraditionalplannedeconomy,thestressingth,ourstate-ownedeconomicsectorstilltakesalion’sshareintheeconomy,themarketroleisstillrestrictedbymanyfactors,overstressonthegovernment’sforcefulinterventionandindustrialpoliciescouldeasilyevolveintoprotectionforbackwardenterprises(mainlystate-ownedenterprises)andindustries,andaffectthenormalnurturingofthemarketandfaircompetition,thus,,particularlyaftertheAsianfinancialcrisis,thepracticeofsupportingthedevelopmentofsomeenterprisesandindustriesthroughforcefulgovernmentinterventionandindustrialpoliciesshalldrawalessonfromtheexperiencesofsomeEastAsiancountriesandregions,,itismoreimportan’sparticipationintheprocessofeconomicgveadvantages,,inessence,,thisdoesnotmeanthatwedenytheroleofthegovernment,butwe"marketfriendly,"andthegovernmentshallplaceitsattentionandthestartingpoi,theeffectivenessofthemarketreflectstheeffectivenessofthegovernment,andwhetherornotagovernmentisefficient,toalargeextent,,marketeconomyandopenecono,thegovernmentinChinaatthecurrentstagenotonlyneedstosafeguardthemarket,butalsoneedstoparticipatein"cultivating"themarket,becausethereexistseveralimportantfactorsconstitutingChina’,Chinaisstilladevelopingcountryandintheprocessofindustrialization,andmorethanh,italsofaceswiththeopp,thedevelopmentofmarketcouldnotbefreedfromlimitationsofindustrializationlevel,andtheresponsibilityassumedbythegovernment,China,asavastandmostpopulouscountry,still,allregionshavedevelopedrapidly,butregionalgap,particularlythegapbetweenthesoutheastcoastalareasandthecentralandwesternregions,,therealsoexistdifferencesinmarketdevelopment,socialorganizationalstructure,,thegovernmentassumesanarduousresponsibilityinsafeguardingsocialjusticeandpromotingcoordinateddevelopmentoftheregions,,althoughChina’seconomictransformationhasmadesignificantprogress,,ontheonehand,callsforatransformationofthegovernmentfunctionsandagreatreductionofadministrativeintervention,ontheotherhand,itstillhastorelyonthegovernmenttoplaysomespecialrole,suchaspromotingthestrategicreorganizati,theaforementionedseveralfactorscallonthegovernmenttoplayabiggerroleinsteaysitsrole,anditislikelyt,themostimportantisnot"howbig"thegovernmentroleis,buttherationalityofits"positioning"and"scope."...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.WangMengkuiThankstomorethantwodecadesofreformanddevelopment,China’ssociety,,:theopeninghascoveredallareasinsteadoflimitedareas,hasbeenconductedinkeepingwithlong-termdevelopmentgoalsandinternationalpracticesinsteadofshort-termneeds,andhasbeentarget,theinter,withtheprocessofi:First,theproportionsoftheprimary,secondaryandtertiaryindustrieshavedemonstratedavisiblechange,f,whileagriculturepostedrapidgrowthandthesupplyofagriculturalproductsrealizedahistoricchangecharacterizedbyabasicaggregatebalanceandasurplusingoodyears,,,the“bottlenecks”thathadlongconstrainedChina’seconomicdevelopment,suchasrawmaterials,energyandtransport,werebasicallyeased,,whilethetotalpopulationincreasedby300millionduringthisperiod,,,thecontributionsofstructuraladjustmentsandscientificadvancehavebecomemorevisible,theindustriesofhighandnewtechnologieshavebecomeamajordrivingforceforthegrowthofindustriesandeventheentireeconomy,,whiletheexportofprimaryproductssuchasagriculturalproductshasexpandedrapidly,theyacco,,,theproductsofhig’sindustrialstructure,manufacturingcapacityandexportstructure,960sbyChannery,WorldBankeconomist,areconvertedintothe1998rates,thepercapitaGDPattheinitialstageofindustrializationshouldbe1,200-2,,,thepercapitafigureattheinitialstageofindustrializationshouldbe3,010-5,,’,,theChineseeconomygrewatanaverageannualrateofmorethan9percent,,itspercapitaGDPquadrupledduringthisperiod,which’slivelihoodhasrealizedtwohistoricaltransitions,namelyfr,“overall”becauseChinastillhas30millionpeoplewhoarenothavingenoughtoeatandclothe,agreaternumberofpeoplehavenotbeenbetteroffeventhoughtheyhaveenoughtoeatandclothe,,aconsiderablenumberofpe,wemayconcludethatChinahascompletedthefirsttwoofthe“threesteps”,“threesteps”do,orbythemiddleofthiscentury,,“aggregateamount”and“percapitaamount”.In2000,China’sGDPreached8,,whichwasequivalenttomorethan1,“denominator”istoolarge,thepercapitaamountislessthan1,,’seconomicaggregat,ifcalculatedinpurchasepowerparity(internationalcommonprice),:’seconomywouldbe3,,,rparity,Chinahasbecometheworld’ssecondlargesteconomy,,themethodbasedonthepurchasingpowerparityisimperfect,,both“aggregate”and“percapitaamount”areimportantindicatorsforexaminingacountry’thecountryhasaconsiderableeconomicstrength;thefactthatthepercapitaamountissmallmeansChinaisstillarelativelypoorcountry....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以NiHongriInthefirsthalfofthisyear,theStateCouncildecidedtoreducebusinesstaxrateforfinancialenterprisesfrom8%to5%,,thereisstillasignificantgapbetweenthead’simminententryintotheWTOandthegeneraltrendofopeningupofthefinancialsector,itishighlynecessarytore-examineandstudytheappropriatetaxpolicyandsystemforfinancialenterprisesbasedontheeffectivenessoftheabovepolicyadjustment,thegeneralinternationalpractice,China’sparticularconditions,thedevelopmentofChina’sfinancialsector,thepromotionofthecompetitivenemsinOECDCountriesMosto(directtax)arebasicallysimilartothoseforothersectors(withslightdifferencesinparticularstipulations),buttheirtaxationsystemforindirecttax(namely,China’scirculationtax)followthelightratherthanheavytaxationrules,,thepracticeso,theOECDcountriesdonotlevyindirecttax(whichapproximatelyequalstoChina’sbusinesstax),includingmonetarysettlement,depositbusiness,lending,financialguarantee,noteandstocktrading,futures,optionsandlifeinsurance,an(excepttheUnitedStates)implementtheVATandGSTsystemsandadop(1)taxation;(2)taxexemption,whichallowsnorecoupmentfortheVATofthepurchasedgoods;(3)zerotaxrate,whichallowsrecoupmentfortheentireVATofthepurchasedgoodswhilegrantingtaxexemption;and(4)VATexemptionforfinancialservices,namely,financialservices,olicyformostfinancialbusiness,suchasmonetarysettlement,thetaxbaseofVAT,thenon-recoupingtaxationfortheincomeofthepurchasedgoodsisclosetothe“correct”taxationofthefinancialservicesand,therefore,ises,itwillnotonlybedifficulttooperatebutancialservices,suchasthecustody,,,,basedonrelevantdata,itleviesconsumptiontaxoninsuranceservic,Japantaxesitsfinancialservicesectorwithsignificantlymore,,%educationtaxlevied’sTaxationPoliciesandSystemforFinancialEnterprisesSincethestartofthereformandopeningup,andalongwiththefinancialsystemreform,therelationshipbetweenthegovern’stu,thefinancialinstitutionsnowpaytaxesandthegovernmentmakesinvestmenttosupplementth,especiallyforthestate-ownedfinancialinstitutions,to“differentiate”,therateof%%rateo,therateofenterpriseincometaxforthestate-ownedfinancialinstitutionswasadjustedto33%,whiletherateofbusinesstaxforallfinancialenterpriseswasraisedfrom5%to8%.SinceMay1,2001,therateofbusinesstaxforfinancialenterpriseswillbereducedto5%,itwillstillbehigherthanthe3%rateofbusinesstaxforthetransportation,telecommunicationandconstructionandinstallationsectorsinChina,,theChinesefinancialenterprisesbearagreatertaxburdenthanfinancialenterpriseswithforeigncapital,asthelatterenjoypreferentialtaxtreatmentintermsofenterpriseincometax,andareexemptedfromthemunicipalmaintenanc,uptothepresent,thestate-ownedfinancialinstitutionsstilltakeupadominantproportioninthefinancialsectorandholdup60%-ownedfinancialinstitutionssomehowleadsthegovernmenttoregardthestate-ownedfinancialinstitutions,especiallythestate-ownedbanks,asthe“secondarypublicfinance”orstatecoffers,,th,majoradjustmentsinthefinanceandtaxationsystemsinthepasthavebeenbasedonshort-termpublicfinanceinterests,andthetaxationsystemofthefinancial,comparedwithothersectors,t,underChina’scurrentinterestmanagementsystem,thegovernmentmaycontrolandregulatetheprofitsoffinancialenterpriseswithtaxleverag,’sFinancialEnterprisesundertheCurrentTaxationSystemAlthoughVAThasbeenadoptedinChina,duetovariousreasons,theVATsystemhasnotbeenappliedtosomeservicesectors,suchasthefinancial,transportationandconstructionsectors,asedgoodswhenpayingbusinesstax,’staxationframeworkdominatedbythecirculationtax(internationallynamedasindirecttax),financiale,theamountofcirculationtaxpaidbyfinancialenterprisesisoverRMB50billionyuan,,ncialenterprises....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、帝豪官方下载用户至上爱赢SE视讯LiuShijin,YuBinZhangLiqunInthefirsthalfoftheyear,economicgrowthaccelerated,economicefficiencyimproved,,thegrowthofexportstendstodecline,thefoundationforacontinuousexpansionofthedomesticdemandisnotstableyet,%.Thepriorityofthecurrentmacroeconomicpolicyshouldbechangedfrompromotingshort-termeconomicgrowthtosolvingthemajorproblemsfacingthemediumandlong-termdevelomthebeginningofthisyear,economicgrowthdevelopedwiththetrendofquarterlyaccelerationandtheeconomicperformancehadthefollowingfeatures:,,consumptionanddemandforinvestmentallmaintainedahighgrowthrate,andtheoverallincreaseindemandc,inparticular,,foreigntrademaintainedanextraordinarilyhighgrowth,%%ascomparedwiththatofthesameperiodoflastyear,;whiletheoverallfixedassetsinvestmentincreasedby11%.Theadjustmentandeffectiveapplicationofthemacroeconomicpoliciesinrecentyears,suchastheincreaseofexportrebaterate,thelevyofinteresttax,theimplementationofrealnamesforsavingsdeposits,theprolongedholidays,theincreaseofincomesformiddleandlow-incomegroups,theinterestdiscountbythestatefinancetosupporttechnologicaltransformationofenterprisesandthereformofhousingdistributionsystem,allplayedanimportantroleinpromotingthegrowthofexports,theeconomicgrowth,,obviouslydifferentfromthepatternoftheeconomicperformanceinthepast,themarketdemand-supplypatterndidnotundergoafundamentalchange,,%ascomparedwiththatofthesameperiodoflastyear;theresidentconsumptionpriceindex,duetoinfluencebytheincreaseofvariousservicechargestandards,%,suchassteel,cotton,crudeoilandfinishedoil,whichwasassociatedwiththepricefluctuationattheinternationalmarket,thedomesticrestrictionson"fivekindsofsmallenterprises"ctioncapacityisstillrathercommonandstrikinglyhigh,,theelectronic,,,electricitygenerationincreasedbynearly10%ascomparedwiththatofthesameperiodoflastyear,%%,metallurgicalandsugar-makingindustriesproducedsomeresults–%,%,andthegrowthrateofsteelproductiondroppedbyabo,%,,%.,the,,,thenetlossessufferedbythecoalindustrywasreducedby440millionyuanascomparedwiththatofthesameperiodoflastyear,,thegrowthoffiscalandtaxrevenuescontinuedtobefasterthaneconomicgrowth,,thefiscalandtaxrevenuesmaintainedafairlyfastgrowth,however,afterthenon-comparablefactorswerededucted,thefiscal,thenationalfiscalrevenuestotaled624billionyuan,%,%growth,makingthisyear’tionofeconomicgrowth,theimprovementofenterpriseeconomicefficiency,thebullishsecuritiesmarketaswellastheincrea,importtariffcollectedbythecustomsandstamptaxcollectedfromsecuritiestransactionsincreasedby32billionyuan,accountingfor32%ofthetotalincrementalamountoffiscalandtaxrevenues;theenterpriseincometax,incometaxofenter%,35%and50%respectively,,accountingfor26%ofthetotal.LongGuoqiangTheshareoftheelectromechanicalproductsofforeign-investedfirmsinthenationalexporthasexceeded60percent,yetproblemspersist,suchasignoranceofthetruepictureoftheexportsoftheelectromechanicalproductsoftheforeign-fundedenterprises,,aresearchgroupwassetupbytheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCounciltoholdenterpriseforumsorconductquestionnaireinquiriesonanextensivescaleinBeijing,Shanghai,GuangdongProvinceandotherp,areportforthereferenceofdecisionmakingisherebysubmittedforenhancingthemacro-economicbenefitsfromt,%annuallyonaverage,byfaroutstrippingthecorrespondingaverageannualgrowthrateofsimilarexportsbythedomesticenterprises,%.Inotherwords,thecontributionrateofforeign-fundedenterprisesreached70%,%n1998wasextremelysevereundertheshockwavesoftheAsianfinancialcrisis,,,%highcontributionratetonationalexports,thusmakingimportantcoshavepositiveeffectsontheinternationalbalanceofpaymentofChina,,in1999,theimportso,ofwhich,ydirectinvestmentofthatyear;w,,thesurplusunderthecurrentaccountforexport-orientedforeign-fundedenterpri,incomewasmainlycomposedofdirectinvestmentsandloancapitalwhileexpenditurewasm,,theyconstitutedthenumberonemaandpaymentofinterests,,withasurplusofinternationalbalanceofpaymentoverUSD15billionin1999,theseforeign-fundedenterprise,,,%arecapableofprovidingmostoftheskillsbytheirowntechnologicaldevelopmentinstitutionsandalmostonethird(%),theseenterprisesfocusontechnologicaldevelopment,withtheproportionofRDinstitutionsnotonlymuchhigherthanthecorrespondingaverageofotherlargeandmedium-sizedforeign-fundedenterprises,butalsohigherthanthatofthedomesticcounterparts,,wefoundthatsomeenterpriseshadshiftedfromtheoriginalequipmentmanufacturer(OEM)andupgradedtotheoriginaldesignmanufacturer(ODM).Finally,t,stimulatedChinasdomesticmarketdem,manyenterpriseshaveadoptedavarietyofmeasuretoraisethequalityofChinese-madepartsandcomponents,andsomehaveevendemandedChineseupstreamenterprisestooperateincompliancewiththeirtechnicalstandardsbypro,theseforeign-fundedenterpriseshavenotonlyenlargedproductionandmarketingofthedomesticenterprises,butmoreimportantlyelevatedtheirtechnologicallevelsbyabigmargin,raisedtheoverallqualityofdomesticenterprisesbystrengtheningtheirmarket-orientedconcepts,suchasstableproductquality,%oftheexport-orientedforeign-fundedenterprisesrelatedwithelehipasChina’slabormarketsmakeincessantimprovements,’,,esforeign-fundedenterprisestomakebiggercontributiontonationaleconomy,,,weakinternationalcompetitivenessduetoavarietyoffactorsmakesitdifficultfortheproduct,however,existsforthemtogoabroadthroughsupplementingtheexportsofforeign-investedenterprisessoasto"gooverseasbyborrowingtheirships".,mo,domesticproductspresentunstablequality,,theprocurementrightu%ofthejointventureswithforeigninvestorsholdingthemajoritysharesprocuretheirrawmaterial,,esn’tionssetupbytheforeign-fundedenterprisesengagedintheexportofelectromechanicalproducts,theirtechn-fundedenterpri,wemustgiveprioritytoremovingtheadversefactorsinourexistingpolicieswhichhavehinderedtechnologicaladvance....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ItcanbeseenfromCh,,theannualgrowthratejumpedover14percent,,theCentralGovernmenttookstrictmeasuresofmacro-regulationincludingadoptionofadministrativemeasuressu,theslowdownofgrowthduringthisperiodoftimewasanormalresponsetothemeasu,however,,theCentralGovernmenthasshiftedtoanexpansivefinancialandmonet,,andlargeamountsofproductioncapacitiesremainidle,,surplusofproductioncapacitieswhenithasjustreachedafairlyprimarystageofdevelopmentToanswerthisquestion,itisnecessaandfornon-governmentalinvestment--twomajorfactorsrestrictinggrowthofdomesticdemandDemandcanbedivided,firstofall,,theAsianfinancialcrisisin1997anditsseriousinfluenceuponChina’sexportshaveconsti,forinstance,China’,domesticdemandwillalwaysplayadecisiveroleintheeconomicgrowth,fromalongpointofview,theinfluenceofexportgrowthontheeconomicgrowthasawholewillbecomparativelysmaller(asshowninChart2).Domesticdemand,theretailofconsumergoodsinChina’,,,theslowdowninconsumptiondemandgrowthhasitsrootmainlyintheruralareas,:Theabsolutefigurefordomesticdemandisthesumofdomesticinvestmentanddomesticdemandcalculatedincurrentprice,withreadjustmentmadeaccordingtotheaverageindexofnationalincomeduringthecalculation.、DVORGeYanfengResearchReportNo83,2001Theissueofincomedistribution,however,istheobviousdisagreementintheanalysisandjudgmentarenteffectsengendered;itisthereforen,theoutstandingprobleminincomedistributionhadbeenegalitarianismcausedbythesystemofcen,therewasnotonlytheproblemofegalitarianismleftoverfromthesystemofcentrallyplannedincomedistribution,butalsothatofwideningincomegaparisingfromtheeconomicsystemreformandthemajorchangeinincomedistribution,,whatistheoutstandingproblem–egalitarianismandwideningincomegap,coexistatpresentandtheyareratheracute;,differencebetweentwojudgmentsactuallyconcentratesontheproblemofegalitarianism,thatis,,theproblemofegalitarianism,particularlytheminorincomegapinandamongthestate-owneddepartments,ismostoutstanding,,judgingfromthegeneralsituation,theboomingnon-statesectors,bothinthecountrysideandcities,decidetheirincomedistributionmechanismbymarketcompetition,andwiththeincomegapwidened,,asthereformadvances,state-ownedenterpriseshaveessentiallyestablishedtheirroleaskeymarketplayers,aduallywidening,andinsomeenterprises,,onecanhardlyjumptotheconclusionthategali,thedistributionsystemcharacterizedbyegalitarianismthatwecouldseeisthebasicwagedistributionmainlyingovernmentdepartments,,however,isthatthebasicwagesconstituteasmallportionofincome,andtherearestillotherformsofdistributionasnon-wagecashdistr,itisalsodifficulitarianisminincomedistribution,sometendtoadvocatethegovernment’sspeedingupwagereformsinthestate-ownedsectors,orinsimplewords,furtherwideningthewagedistributiongapwithanaimtosolvethetate-ownedsectorsisconsideredaproblem,suchanproposalasdi,,inprinciple,relyonincreasingthetotalpayroll,furtheriillintheloss-makingstatusmanylocalgovernmentshavefinancialdifficulties,itishardtopredictifthereissufficientcapabilitytomakesuchadjustmentorwhatconse,itishighlypos,non-wagecashincomeandnon-cashincomeinvariousformsmakealargeandunevenproportioninthetotalincomedistribution,,thedifference,bigorsmall,,itishig,theincomedistributioninthestate-ownedandstateholdingenterprisesinthecompetitivefieldsshallbegraduallyliberalizedonthebasisofdiversifiedstockrightsandimprovementintheinternalcorporategovernance,utionofenterprises,itwouldbedetrimentaltotherelationshipbetweenthegovernmentandenterprises,neitherwillitbeconstructivet,itishighlyposs,institutionsandindustrieswithnaturalmonopolyshouldbecontrolledbythegovernment,butsuchcontrolandtheextentofcontrolmustbedecidedwithreferencetosuchfactorsassocialaveragewagesonthebasisofintroducinginte,simplyimposingwagecontrolisextremelyundesirableforvariousreformmeasures,,,itisobviousthatpublicattentionconcentratesontheproblemofthewideningincomegap,,itisabsolutelyunwisetoregardas,itshouldbeconductedonthebasisofathoroughreformofpersonnelsystemanddistributionmethods(suchasfullmonetizationofincomeandanadequatetruthfulnessofwages).anceofthesocietySincetheadoptionofreformandopeninguppolicy,thewideningincomegapamongresidentsand,ther,leranceofsociety,toapproachtheextremelimitofunacceptabilitybythesociety,,theestimatedGinicoefficient(withurbanandruralcombined)’incomeandurbanincomeandseriousstatisticalerrorsinhighincomesandillegalincomes,,socialc,awideincomegapinevitablymeanspovertyforsomepeople,orevenalargeproportionofthesocialmembers,,weshouldbeonthefullalertforthecurrentobjectiveincomegap,letaloneotherfactors....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ZhouHongchunDingNingningSocialDevelopmentResearchDepartmentofDRCAtatimewhenChinaisfurtherimprovingitsmarketeconomyandisopeningevenwidertotheoutsideworld,howshouldthegovernmentadministeretheinitiationofreformandopeningupIntheearly1980swhenChinaputforwardthegrandgoalof"quadruplingthenationaleconomybytheendofthecentury",quadrupled,theyestimatedthatwhenthenationaleconomywasquadrupled,,China’,energyexpertssuggestedthatthecentralauthoritiesshouldgiveequalprioritytobothenergydevelopmentandcons,whichtookitasaguidingprincipleforthecountry’,theStateCouncilEnergyConservationWorkingMeetingSystemwasestablished,aspecialenergyconservationfundwassetup,andpoliciesontaxpreferentialtreatment,,,China’,theaggregateamountofChina’,,,worth964billionyuan,,asmuchas290billionyuringresultingfromachangeinthecountry’,theproportionofthelightindustryinthenationaleconomyroserapidly,,,thestructuraloptimizationandtechnologicalprogressintheilddependo’ssternenergyprospectFirst,finequalityenergyisinshortsupply,erelationshipwithahi’,,Chinaimported70milliontonsofoil,,China’sdomesticoilandnaturalgasconsumptionwillfurtherdependontheinternationalmarket,whichwillbrin,China’spercapitapossessionofenergyresourcesisfarbelowtheworld’’,,,,itspercapitapossessionofcoal,oilandnaturalgaswasrespectivelyonly55percent,11percentand4percentoftheworld’’,China’spercapitacommodityenergyconsumptionislow,’andardcoal,47percentoftheworld’,,,whilethereisagreatpotentialforenergyconservation,’senergyefficiencyisabout32percent,,cementandotherproductsisabout25percentlowerthantheworld’,thereisa,firstly,wemustrealizethatChina’spastachievementsinenergyconservationweremadeagainstabackgroundofextensiveoperationandrampa,wemustalsorealizethattheenergyconservation"opportunities"arisingfromthechangeinthecountry’sdevelopmentstrategyanditseconomicrestructuringwillnotcomeagain,andthattheenergyconservation"dividends"ar,energyconservationinthefuturewilldependmainlyontechnologicalprogress,,theperiodoflowcommodityenergyconsumptioncoin’spercapitaconsumptionofcommodityenergyislessthanhalfoftheworld’saveragelevel,itstotalamountofgreenhousegasemissionsranksthesecondintheworldaember2002,PremierZhuRongjideclare,itfacesa’sdevelopmentlevelisanop,Chinafacesan,China’sproductexportsencounteragreenbarrier--"energyefficiencylabel".WithChina’saccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization,eachandeverydomest,thepetrochemicalindustryandotherenergy-consumingindustries"energyefficiencylabel"system,China’selectromechanicalproducts(includinghouseholdappliances)mustapplyfortheregistrationof"energyefficiencylabel"renergyconsumption,,alltheenergyconservationadministrationdepartmentsinallindustrialministrieshavebeenremoved,andtheenergyconservationadministrationdepart,thegovernment’sadmomyWhilegreatachievementshavebeenmadeinenergyconservationandinparticularwhiletheundersupplyofdomesticenergyhasimproved,somepeopleraisedthequestionofwhetherthegovernmentshouldc,DRCformedaprojectgroupwiththeresearchersfromtherelevantresourceconservationdepartmentoftheStateEconomicandTradeCommission,theenergyinstituteoftheStateDevelopmentPlanningCommission,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.GuoLihongResearchReportNo157,1335DuringtheNinthFive-YearPlanperiod,Ch,aswestartedfromalowlevel,ourinfrastructureisaweaklinkintheoveralldevelopmentofthecountry,whethercomparedwithindus,asinfrastructurehaspublicandexternalfeatures,itssupplyanddemandcannotbesimplydeterminedintermsof"meetingeffectivedemands",anamplevolumeanticipatingandspurring(byserviceandprice)Year,thestrategicadjustmentoftheeconomicstructure,withurbanizationasthefocus,menswillboledependsontwofactors:oneiswhethernon-governmentalandoverseascapitalcanbeintroducedintoconstructionprojects;,itisnecessarytodiscusstwocloselyrelatedsubjects:market-driveninvestmerconceptualbasistothisarticle,,the"theoryofnaturalmonopoly"isthebasisonwhichth,governmentinterferenceandgovernmentmonopolyarenecess,"governmentmonopoly"and"governmenttakingoneverything"’economicphilosophythat"thegovernmentnevermeddlesinanythingthatcanbedonebynon-governmentalorganizations".Therefore,itisnotsurprisingthatin,transportationandtelecommunic,,forthesehighwayswerefreeofcharge,and,thefirstprivately-ownedtollhighway,theDullesGreenwayinVirginia,tricity,TVAwasestablishedonlyafteradozenyear,theUnitedStatesisanationwherethetheoryo"naturalmonopoly",thegovernmentmustenactl,eventhegovernmenthastointerfereinormonopolizecertainsectorswiththeaimtomaintainsocialjusticeortoremedymarketfailure,ratherthantocarryouttheaprioriconceptthat"onlybyexercisinggovernmentalmonopolycanthecostofatradebelowered".InChina,nearlyalleconomicsectorswgeneraltheoryofseekingprofit(includingthetheoryofnaturalmonopoly).ureEuropeann,GermanytendedtoexercisestatemonopolyinproductionbeforeWorldWar’saviationindustry,forthegovernmentprovidedthatitmustoperateonmorethanhalfofthenation,whentheKohladministrationnegatedtheideaofall-roundgovernmentinterference,thereweresome4,elecommunications,,Franceturned21ofthe58governmentalenterprisesintoprivateonesbutkeptthoseinelectricity,gas,coal,aviation,,whichmadeitdifficulttoadapttoeconomicglobalization;theleaststhatatacertainstageofeconomicdevelopment,,norcanitbeexplainedbytherationalizationof"affirmingthepresentwhilenegatingthepast"....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

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